Archive for April, 2010

How to set different wallpapers on different workspaces in Ubuntu

April 22, 2010


Let us set different wallpapers on different workspaces(desktop screens) in Ubuntu. I am doing this on Ubuntu 8.04 LTS.

For this compiz should be installed. If you don’t have it installed already here is howto .

Now open compiz. To do so follow these steps:

Go to System>Preferences>Advanced Desktop Effects Settings OR press Alt+[F2] (OR open terminal) and type ccsm.

This will open a window.



Now click on Desktop Cube. Navigate to Appereance>Background images. Click New. Add all the images that you want to show in your workspaces. Add same number of images as much workspaces you have.

I have 4 workspaces. It is shown below:

Add Background images

Add Background images

Close the window.

Now open gconf-editor. To do so press Alt+[F2]. Write gconf-editor in it and click Run.

Now navigate to apps>nautilus>preferences. And unckeck “show_desktop“.

gconf-editor preferences

gconf-editor preferences

Now its all done. Check all the workspaces. But you will notice that all the icons on your Desktop are gone and you can’t right-click on the desktop. Don’t worry you can find them here- Places>Desktop. If you save something on desktop they will also appear on that location only. Now this is what you will have to compromise on.

Here is my Ubuntu 8.04 LTS with 4 different wallpapers.

If you have any query please post a comment.


Manohar Bhattarai


How to install compiz in Ubuntu(Hardy Heron)

April 20, 2010


I have this effect in my desktop and its great to do these tricks. I am talking about compiz fusion. Lets see how to install and apply some effects in Ubuntu. I am doing it on Hardy Heron.

Here are the steps to install compiz :

There are two ways to install compiz.

1. Using synaptic package manager.

2. Using Terminal

Lets see the first method:

1. Using Synaptic Package Manager

Go to Synaptic Package Manager (System>Administration>Synaptic Package Manager) and do a search for compizconfig-settings-manager. Check the install box and click apply.

2. Using Terminal

Give the following command in the terminal:

manohar@manohar-desktop:~$ sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager

This will install compiz.

Now to add effects: Open System>Preferences>Advanced Desktop Effects Settings OR press Alt+[F2] (OR open terminal) and type ccsm.

Enable the effects you want.There are however some really important ones to switch on that are worthy of note and will provide an important first step:

1) Under “Desktop” check “Desktop Cube”. There are lots of settings inside this module, but for the time being leave it checked.

2) Underneath the desktop cube checkbox, check “Rotate Cube”.

If all goes well, then holding down CTRL>ALT and the right hand mouse button should instantly zoom you out and display a three dimensional desktop! Mouse around and it will spin up and down and from left to right. The rest, I leave to you. enjoy.

Here are some short-cut keys you can use :


SUPER+SHIFT+C = clear fire


CTRL+ALT+LEFT ARROW = rotate cube

CTRL+ALT+DOWN ARROW = flat desktop

SHIFT+ALT+UP = initiate window picker

CTRL+ALT+DOWN = unfold cube

ALT+TAB = window switch

SUPER+TAB = flip switcher or ring switcher, depending on which is enabled.

ALT+F7 = initiate ‘move windows’

SHIFT+F9 = water effect

SHIFT+F10 = slow animations

CTRL+ALT+D = show desktop

SUPER+S = select single window

SUPER+T = tab group

SUPER+Left = change left tab

SUPER+Right = change right tab

SUPER+G = group windows

SUPER+U = ungroup windows

SUPER+R = remove group window

SUPER+C = close group

SUPER+X = ignore group

Hold the SUPER button (Windows key)then select the windows you want to group and then hit SUPER+G.

Here is a sample video of my desktop with rotate cube effect.

I hope this will enjoy Ubuntu and recommend your frends to use Ubuntu Linuz.


Manohar Bhattarai

Open multiple gmail account on Mozille Firefox

April 7, 2010


Most of we have more than one gmail account. Sometimes we want to open those at the same time. But after a logging into a gmail account, if we try to open another gmail account it opens the same account which has been running. Even an orkut account opens automatically by the same account which is active.

Here is how you can solve this problem by a trick and open different account at the same time.

Follow the simple steps given below :

    1. Open Run dialog box. In Linux, press Alt+F2 kyes. In Windows, press Windows+R keys.
    2. Once the box appears, type the following command :
    firefox -p -no-remote
    This will open a new dialog box with Firefox User Profiles.
    3. Click on “Create Profile…” button. Follow the wizard to create a new profile, give it a new name as you wish (say newgmail).
    4. Close any open dialogs before returning to the desktop.

Now whenever you want to open more than one gmail you can create new profile using the above steps.

To open multiple profiles, give the following command :
firefox -p -no-remote

Select another profile from the dialog box.
You can create multiple profiles and open different gmail account at the same time.

The ‘-no-remote’ option creates a solitary session. This session is not different then the current open Firefox session or profiles. When the ‘no-remote’ command is not selected, a new window will open using the default or current profile. This is how session sharing happens and is what we need to prevent.

Because session sharing has been disabled by the ‘-no-remote’ command, it is possible to have two gmail accounts open at the same time.

Enjoy gmailing… 🙂

This has been tested by me in Ubuntu 8.04 Linux. It is working fine.
I have not tested it in Windows. Please use it and post a comment about it if it helps you.

Manohar Bhattarai

The Last Patch-The battle between Microsoft and Open Source

April 6, 2010


This is a short film -The Last Patch. Its the film on battle between Microsoft and Opes Source. Watch it.

Manohar Bhattarai

Swiftfox browser – Optimised Mozilla Firefox for Linux

April 5, 2010


Here is an optimised Mozilla Firefox for Linux called Swiftfox. You can get the info from here. You can choose deb files or tarballs to install. Install it and enjoy.

Here is how to install Swiftfox in your linux distro as it is distro independent. It supports all firefox plugins.

Steps to install :

  1. Download the installer to your home directory
  2. Chose your type of processor
  3. Open a terminal window
  4. Run the installer by typing the following:
  5. Launch Swiftfox by selecting it from the menu


Manohar Bhattarai

7 Things That Are Easier To Do In Ubuntu Than In Windows

April 2, 2010

7 Things That Are Easier To Do In Ubuntu Than In Windows

ubuntueasyWhen the average computer user hears about Ubuntu or Linux, the word “difficult” comes to mind. This is understandable: learning a new operating system is never without its challenges, and in many ways Ubuntu is far from perfect. I’d like to say that using Ubuntu is actually easier and better than using Windows.

This doesn’t mean you’ll experience it that way if you’ve used Windows for a long time: at a certain your habits begin to feel like conventional wisdom, and any system that doesn’t match your current habits will seem difficult.

If you’re a MakeUseOf reader, however, you’re undoubtedly a fan of free software. Most of the very best free software is open source. If you’re a Windows user who primarily uses free software, Ubuntu’s going to feel more comfortable to you than Windows once you get used to it. And once you do get used to it, you’ll realize that in some ways Ubuntu is simply better than Windows in terms of ease of use.

Don’t believe me? Here are some examples.

Finding & Installing Software

There’s a misconception out there that installing software on Ubuntu, or any Linux platform, requires a PhD  in Computer Science. Nothing could be further than the truth; in fact, I’d argue installing software on Ubuntu is a great deal easier than installing software on Windows.

Let’s examine the typical installation scenario for Windows users. Pretend there’s a person named Sally, and that Sally wants to install VLC Media Player. Sally Googles the name of the program, finds a webpage related to it, browses that page until she finds a download for Windows before finally downloading an executable file.

Assuming Sally is pretty tech-savvy, she verifies that the site she downloaded from is a proper place; if not, it could come from anywhere and be infected with any number of spyware, trojans and/or AOL toolbars. Once the file has finished downloading, Sally double-clicks the executable she just downloaded, tells Windows it’s okay to install the program, then follows the series of prompts and clicks “next” several times.

Now let’s pretend Sally is an Ubuntu user. To install VLC, all she needs to do is click “Applications,” then “Ubuntu Software Center” then search for “VLC“, double-click VLC and click the “Install” button at the bottom of the description. She’ll enter her password and then Ubuntu will download and install VLC for you, letting Sally know when it’s done.

why ubuntu is better than windows

Best of all: because the software is all coming from one place, and not some random website, you know with complete certainty that the file doesn’t include any spyware or trojans.

In my opinion, Ubuntu’s method of installing software is far simpler than Windows when compared side by side. The main reason people new to Ubuntu have trouble installing software is because they try to apply the Windows method to Ubuntu, searching the web for programs to download instead of consulting the Ubuntu Software Center first. Packages found online could indeed be very hard to install, but considering the Ubuntu Software Center gives you access to thousands of programs there’s very little reason to ever bother with it.

Initial Setup

When I first install a computer, there are certain things I want installed right away: codecs for all my music and movies, Flash for my web browser, Java, and something capable of opening RAR files. On Windows, ensuring I have all of these things means going through the process above for all software mentioned individually. On Ubuntu, all I need to do is install a single package: Ubuntu Restricted Extras. To install Ubuntu Restricted Extras I simply open up the Ubuntu Software Center, search for “Restricted” and find the package.

why ubuntu is better than windows

Click the install button, and with that simple step my computer is pretty much ready to go.

It should be added that on Windows systems I usually have to install a PDF Reader and a photo editor before I can really use the system, but Ubuntu comes with a PDF called Evince Reader and a photo editor called The Gimp by default.

Installing Drivers

This point is perhaps less relevant for users of Windows 7, which offers pretty good driver management through Windows Update, but it needs to be said that managing drivers on Ubuntu is a breeze. Since Ubuntu is upgraded every 6 months, if you use the latest version you probably won’t need to install a single driver to use your computer. If  you do, it will be because the drivers you need are proprietary and as such cannot be included with Ubuntu for legal reasons.

Don’t worry, though: Ubuntu comes with a built-in program for downloading such proprietary drivers for your system. The first time your computer boots Ubuntu, it will inform you of any drivers you need, and install them for you with the click of a button.

I fix Windows PCs professionally, and wish XP had a similar feature. If my client has his or her driver CD it’s not too bad, but if not I’ve little recourse but to download the drivers the annoying Windows way, as described in the “Installing Software” section.

Using The Menu

While we’re talking about installing software on Windows compared to Ubuntu I’d be remiss if I didn’t point out my Windows pet peeve. When I install a program on Windows, it is added to the Start Menu. Where is the program added? In a folder named for the company that made the software.

why ubuntu is better than windows

This is infuriating to me, because knowing which program made the software doesn’t tell me what the program in question does. There are so many sub-menus that I frequently don’t know where to begin. Compare this mess to Ubuntu’s menu, which arranges programs by what they do:

ubuntu better than windows

Only five sub-menus, and all with a certain logic to them.

To be fair, the Start menu in Vista/Windows 7 is a little better than this in that I can search for a program. This means I can avoid ever looking at the terrible menu ever again. But this seems more like working around the issue instead of repairing it.

Changing Your Theme

Changing your color scheme on Windows is easy, but if you want to customize beyond changing the palette some work is in order. I use a custom theme on my Windows XP system, but installing it was anything but easy. I needed to hack a certain DLL to achieve this, something I should probably highlight in a future tutorial.

ubuntu better than windows

I’ll never need to write a tutorial explaining how to do this on Ubuntu, however, because it’s dead simple. Just click “System,” then “Preferences,” then “Appearance.” You’ll be shown a number of quality themes, and switching to any one is as easy as clicking it. If these themes aren’t enough for you, head over to Gnome-Look and find something that suits you. Installing the theme is as simple as dragging the downloaded package to your “Appearance” window.

I should make a confession here: I’ve never attempted to do this in Windows 7. By the looks of Karl’s article about the top 5 Windows 7 themes, customization is now Ubuntu-like in Windows 7. Good to hear!

Getting Updates

When it comes to updates, Windows is a jungle. Adobe, Apple, Google and many more companies will all install their own update managers to your computer, most of which will bother you every time you boot your computer asking you to update various products.

On Ubuntu, there is only one update manager. This means keeping all your software up to date is simple, and that you don’t have 30,000 programs bothering you every time you boot your machine.

Sharing Your Wireless Connection Via Ethernet

Recently I wrote an article about sharing your wireless connection in Ubuntu. Since then I’ve switched the computer on my desk to Windows, and I cannot for the life of me figure out a way to achieve the same thing. Maybe you commenters can help me out, but every configuration I’ve used to share my wireless Internet connection via Ethernet in Windows resulted in my wireless not working anymore.

So I’m going to go ahead and say this is easier to do in Ubuntu, half because it’s true and half because I think this will cause one of you guys to recommend a Windows method that works for me.

7 things easier to do in Ubuntu

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