Posts Tagged ‘GNOME’

Add xfce or KDE Desktop environment to ubuntu

November 28, 2010

Hi all,

If you want to add xfce/KDE desktop environment to your Ubuntu(Gnome), that can be done  using following steps-

1. Go to System->Administration->Synaptic Package Manager.

2. Click search and write xubuntu-desktop/kubuntu-desktop and search.

3. Check Mark for installation and then click Apply

This will install xubuntu-desktop/kubuntu-desktop to your Ubuntu system.

To login to xfce or KDE environment change the session on the main Log-on screen.

I have three desktop environments(Gnome(default), xfce and KDE) on my Ubuntu 8.04 system.

Enjoy all environment. 🙂



Manohar Bhattarai



Plymouth themes in Ubuntu 10.04 (Lucid Lynx)

May 8, 2010


Quick tip for those having trouble with their splash screens in lucid.

To change the default splash screen:

sudo update-alternatives –config default.plymouth
sudo update-initramfs -u

To fix the delayed loading of the splash:

sudo -s
echo FRAMEBUFFER=y >>/etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/splash
update-initramfs -u

Please try it at your own risk.


Manohar Bhattarai

How to set different wallpapers on different workspaces in Ubuntu

April 22, 2010


Let us set different wallpapers on different workspaces(desktop screens) in Ubuntu. I am doing this on Ubuntu 8.04 LTS.

For this compiz should be installed. If you don’t have it installed already here is howto .

Now open compiz. To do so follow these steps:

Go to System>Preferences>Advanced Desktop Effects Settings OR press Alt+[F2] (OR open terminal) and type ccsm.

This will open a window.



Now click on Desktop Cube. Navigate to Appereance>Background images. Click New. Add all the images that you want to show in your workspaces. Add same number of images as much workspaces you have.

I have 4 workspaces. It is shown below:

Add Background images

Add Background images

Close the window.

Now open gconf-editor. To do so press Alt+[F2]. Write gconf-editor in it and click Run.

Now navigate to apps>nautilus>preferences. And unckeck “show_desktop“.

gconf-editor preferences

gconf-editor preferences

Now its all done. Check all the workspaces. But you will notice that all the icons on your Desktop are gone and you can’t right-click on the desktop. Don’t worry you can find them here- Places>Desktop. If you save something on desktop they will also appear on that location only. Now this is what you will have to compromise on.

Here is my Ubuntu 8.04 LTS with 4 different wallpapers.

If you have any query please post a comment.


Manohar Bhattarai

How to install compiz in Ubuntu(Hardy Heron)

April 20, 2010


I have this effect in my desktop and its great to do these tricks. I am talking about compiz fusion. Lets see how to install and apply some effects in Ubuntu. I am doing it on Hardy Heron.

Here are the steps to install compiz :

There are two ways to install compiz.

1. Using synaptic package manager.

2. Using Terminal

Lets see the first method:

1. Using Synaptic Package Manager

Go to Synaptic Package Manager (System>Administration>Synaptic Package Manager) and do a search for compizconfig-settings-manager. Check the install box and click apply.

2. Using Terminal

Give the following command in the terminal:

manohar@manohar-desktop:~$ sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager

This will install compiz.

Now to add effects: Open System>Preferences>Advanced Desktop Effects Settings OR press Alt+[F2] (OR open terminal) and type ccsm.

Enable the effects you want.There are however some really important ones to switch on that are worthy of note and will provide an important first step:

1) Under “Desktop” check “Desktop Cube”. There are lots of settings inside this module, but for the time being leave it checked.

2) Underneath the desktop cube checkbox, check “Rotate Cube”.

If all goes well, then holding down CTRL>ALT and the right hand mouse button should instantly zoom you out and display a three dimensional desktop! Mouse around and it will spin up and down and from left to right. The rest, I leave to you. enjoy.

Here are some short-cut keys you can use :


SUPER+SHIFT+C = clear fire


CTRL+ALT+LEFT ARROW = rotate cube

CTRL+ALT+DOWN ARROW = flat desktop

SHIFT+ALT+UP = initiate window picker

CTRL+ALT+DOWN = unfold cube

ALT+TAB = window switch

SUPER+TAB = flip switcher or ring switcher, depending on which is enabled.

ALT+F7 = initiate ‘move windows’

SHIFT+F9 = water effect

SHIFT+F10 = slow animations

CTRL+ALT+D = show desktop

SUPER+S = select single window

SUPER+T = tab group

SUPER+Left = change left tab

SUPER+Right = change right tab

SUPER+G = group windows

SUPER+U = ungroup windows

SUPER+R = remove group window

SUPER+C = close group

SUPER+X = ignore group

Hold the SUPER button (Windows key)then select the windows you want to group and then hit SUPER+G.

Here is a sample video of my desktop with rotate cube effect.

I hope this will enjoy Ubuntu and recommend your frends to use Ubuntu Linuz.


Manohar Bhattarai

Howto add entries in GNOME menu in Ubuntu

March 20, 2010


If you want to add entries in GNOME menu in Ubuntu, you can do it two ways :

1) Using command line.

2) Using GUI settings.

Let me start with the first one i.e. Using command line. I will use this method to add Eclipse IDE under Applications–>Programming–>Eclipse. If your Programming sub-menu is not present already it will be added automatically.

a) Open the terminal (Applications–>Accessories–>Terminal).

b)Now type the following command in it.
sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/eclipse.desktop

This will bring up a blank text editor. Paste the following contents in it.
[Desktop Entry]
Comment=Eclipse IDE

Here I have used Exec=/usr/project/eclipse/eclipse which is the path to the eclipse executable application and Icon=/usr/project/eclipse/icon.xpm which is the path to the icon.

c) Save it using Ctrl+S. Close the editor.

d) Close the terminal.

This will add Eclipse in GNOME menu.

Now let me come to the second method i.e. Using GUI settings.

First off, right click your applications menu and hit “Edit Menus”

The Menu editor will appear . In the left panel select the category like accessibility, Debian, accessories etc. The right panel will update with the entries in that category.

After you have selected the category, click on the New Item Button

Another dialog will appear, thats where you will make the actual entry.In this case I will add a Firefox entry.

First of all select what type of application it is. You can select application or application in terminal, both are quite self explanatory, you can also select a file.

Fill name with the application name or whatever you want. Fill command with the applications command, in this case its firefox. If you selected file in the first box instead of application, you can browse for the file or just add the path to it.

Comment is rather self explanatory.Now, select an icon by clicking the button to the left, in this case since i haven’t selected one yet It says ‘no Icon’.

Hit the ok Button that’s it.

If this information is helpful to you or you need more help please post a comment.

Thank you.

Manohar Bhattarai

%d bloggers like this: